2019 Taipei Art Book Fair

We will take part in "2019 Taipei Art Book Fair" with shashasha next weekend. Please visit our table if you are around! Our new publication Dick Lau's Home will be unveiled.

October 18 (Fri.) 14:00-21:00 PREVIEW
October 19 (Sat.) 12:00-20:00
October 20 (Sun.) 12:00-20:00
Purchase ticket here

North side Tobacco Factory, SongShan Cultural Park | No.133, Guangfu South Road, Xinyi District, Taipei City 110, Taiwan

2019 NY Art Book Fair

We will take part in 2019 NY Art Book Fair at the MoMA PS1 next weekend. Please visit our table V06 if you are in NY! Eiji Ohashi's new publication Roadside Lights Special Edition Box Vol. II will be unveiled.

Opening Night
Thursday, September 19, 18:00-21:00
Purchase Ticket here

Friday, September 20, 13:00–19:00
Saturday, September 21, 11:00–20:00
Sunday, September 22, 11:00–19:00

MoMA PS1, 22-25 Jackson Avenue, Long Island City, NY 11101

4th Annual Independent Art Book Fair

We will take part in Independent Art Book Fair in Brooklyn, NY next weekend. Please visit our table if you are in NY! Eiji Ohashi's new publication Roadside Lights Special Edition Box Vol. II will be unveiled.

Saturday, September 21, 12:00-18:00
Sunday, September 22, 12:00-18:00

Industria Studios Williamsburg, 39. S. 5th Street, Brooklyn, NY 11249

Unseen Amsterdam 2019

We will take part in Unseen Amsterdam next weekend. Please visit our table if you are in Amsterdam! Eiji Ohashi's new publication Roadside Lights Special Edition Box Vol. II will be unveiled.

Friday, September 20, 11:30-21:00
Saturday, September 21, 11:30-20:00
Sunday, September 22, 11:30-17:00
Purchase Ticket here

Westergas Klönneplein, 1014 DD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

2019 abC Shanghai Art Book Fair

We will take part in 2019 abC Shanghai Art Book Fair, sharing a booth with shashasha, at the Modern Art Museum Shanghai next weekend. Please visit our table 4B02 if you are around!

● Welcome Party & Institution Preview
August 29 (Thu.) 17:30 - 20:30

● Open to the Public
August 30 (Fri.) | August 31 (Sat.) | September 1 (Sun.) 10:00 - 18:00

● Venue
Modern Art Museum Shanghai | No.4777, Binjiang Road, Pudong New District, Shanghai

Summer Holiday

CASE TOKYO will be closed from 10th August - 19th August 2019 for the Summer Holiday.

2019 San Francisco Art Book Fair

We will take part in San Francisco Art Book Fair 2019, sharing a booth with shashasha, from 19-21 July 2019. Please visit our table if you are in San Francisco this weekend!

● DATE ●
Friday, July 19th 6pm – 10pm
Saturday, July 20th 11am – 6pm
Sunday, July 21st 11am – 5pm

● Location ●
Minnesota Street Project
1275 Minnesota Street,San Francisco, CA 94107


We will take part in TOKYO ART BOOK FAIR 2019. 2019 signals the 10th year of the TABF fair, and for this year’s event TABF will be relocating to the Museum of Contemporary Art Tokyo – newly reopened from renovations last spring. The Fair serves as a point of convergence for approximately 300 different local and international exhibitors of unique art books and ZINES – publishers, galleries, artists, and more – who use the fair as a platform to portray the allure of their publications. Please come by our table if you are in Tokyo!

Preview: Friday, July 12, 2019 / 15:00-21:00
Main Fair Period: Saturday, July 13 – Monday, July 15, 11:00-19:00.
Monday is a national holiday in Japan.
Venue: MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART TOKYO (Toyo 7-3-5, Koto-ku, Tokyo, Japan)
Admission: Free (※1,000 yen entrance fee for opening reception on 12th, free for children under 12) Certain talk events may require entrance fee.

Singapore Art Book Fair 2019

We will take part in Singapore Art Book Fair 2019, sharing a booth with shashasha, from 28-30 June 2019. Please visit our table if you are in Singapore next weekend! http://singaporeartbookfair.org/

● Dates & Opening Times
28 June, Fri • 12pm — late
(Opening Night from 7.15pm)
29 June, Sat • 12pm — 8pm
30 June, Sun • 12pm — 8pm

● Location

Exhibition "ZEEN"

The exhibition of Scheltens & Abbenes's Zeen will be held at POST from 8th June. Don't miss their beautiful painstaking works if you are in Tokyo!

【EXHIBITION】Scheltens & Abbenes / ZEEN
Opening reception: Jun 8 (Sat) 6pm-8pm
Dates: 8 June (Sat)-12 July (Fri)/12pm-8pm
Closed on Monday
Venue: POST (2-10-3, Ebisu-minami, Shibuyaku, Tokyo, 150-0022, Japan)
Entrance: Free
Corporation: Case Publishing


We will take part in the abC ART BOOK FAIR sharing a booth with shashasha, at the Beijing Times Art Museum.
Please come by our booth if you are in China!

[Preview&Welcome Party] 6.6 18:00-21:30
[Public Day] 6.7-6.9 12:00-20:-00
[Night School] 6.7-8 18:00-21:30/6.9 17:00-20:00


UNFOLD 2019 Shanghai Art Book Fair

We are going to take part in UNFOLD 2019 Shanghai Art Book Fair, sharing a booth with shashasha, from 17-19 May 2019 at the M50 Creative Park. Please visit us if you are in Shanghai next weekend!

Dates & Opening Times
Friday, 17 May: 14:00-20:00
Saturday, 18 May: 11:00-20:00
Sunday, 19 May: 11:00-20:00

M50 Creative Park, Moganshan Rd.50, Shanghai

Ghent Art Book Fair 2019

CASE Rotterdam take part in Ghent Art Book Fair from 11-12th May! Please come by our booth!

Golden Week holiday in Japan

CASE TOKYO will be closed from 28th April - 6th May 2019 for the Golden Week holiday in Japan.

Photo ONE 2019 in Taipei

We will take part in the Photobook Fair held at the Taipei Artist Village.

Please come by our booth if you are in Taipei!

Date: 26, April 10am-10pm / 27, April 10am-10pm / 28, April 10am-6:30pm
Venue: Barry Room(1F), Taipei Artist Village

BOOK MARÜTE “Ahn Jun Exhibition”

Ahn Jun's photo exibition will be held in BOOK MARÜTE. Case's publishing One Life will be launched in the exibiton. Please stop by BOOK MARÜTE if you are in Kagawa!

【EXHIBITION】Photo Exibition Self- Portrait / One Life by Ahn Jun
Opening dates: 11th April (Thu)-29th April (Mon)
Dates: 12am-7pm/11am-7pm (Sat・Sun)
Venue: MARÜTE GALLERY (3-2, Kitahama-cho, Takamatsu-shi, Kagawa, 760-0031, Japan)
Entrance: Free
Corporation: Akaakasha, Case Publishing

Artist: Ahn Jun
Interpreter: Kim Seyon(IANNBOOKS)
Dates:13th April(Sut)5pm-
Entrance: ¥1500+1drink
Capacity: 30

LA Art Book Fair 2019

We will take part in the LA Art Book Fair held at The Geffen Contemporary at MOCA. https://laabf2019.printedmatterartbookfairs.org/Exhibitors

Please come by our booth if you are in LA!

Opening Night Thursday, April 11, 6–9pm

Friday, April 12, 1 pm–7 pm
Saturday, April 13, 11 am–7 pm
Sunday, April 14, 11 am–6 pm

The Geffen Contemporary at MOCA
152 North Central Ave
Los Angeles, CA 90012

KG+Photo Book Shop

As part of the KG+ Associated Program, KG+ is showcasing an exhibition of photo books. From books relating to KYOTOGRAPHIE and KG+artists, to the expressive forms of storytelling shown in dummy books, a rich variety of photo books will be presented. Case's publications line up in the book shop.http://kyotographie.jp/kgplus/2019/

Please come by the Book Shop if you are in KYOTO!

Former Junpu Elementary School
609-1 Kakimoto, Omiya Hanayacho-agaru, Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto 600-8357


HK Photobook Fair 2019

We will take part in the HK Photobook Fair held at the HK Arts Centre this weekend. Sharing a booth with shashashasha, we will be presenting books including our new titles "Inner Self" by Anne-Sophie Guillet and "Zeen" by Schletens & Abbenes. Please stop by our table if you are in Hong Kong! http://www.hkphotobookfair.com/

Dates: 29th March (Fri) 12:00-20:00
30th March (Sat) 12:00-20:00
31st March (Sun) 11:00-18:00

Hong Kong Arts Centre. B2
2 Harbourview Road. Wan Chai. Hong Kong
*No Entrance Fee

New Title: Anne-Sophie Guillet "Inner self"

Our new title, Inner Self, will be launched on Saturday 16th March at Poetic Scape in Tokyo!

Anne-Sophie Guillet has been working on the portraits of people who does not fit in the categorization of bisectional gender such as men and women, her works make it possible for considering the relationship between human appearance and inner face by facing the portrait. It is gradually becoming a common perception that although the body presents individuals to society, it does not necessarily always reflect the inner face of the human being. "INNER SELF" is not only focusing on the issue of gender / sexual minority, which is a global issue of importance in our era, but also providing us an opportunity to better understand the role of appearance in society and the formation of identity.

EXHIBITION INNER SELF by Anne-Sophie Guillet
Location: POETIC SCAPE|1F 4-4-10, Meguro-ku Nakameguro, Tokyo 153-0061
Duration: 16 March (Sat) – 27 April (Sat)
Open Wed-Sat 13:00-19:00 in cooperation with CASE|Mt. Rokko International Photo Festival

< Related event>
◉Opening Reception
16 March from 18:00 to 20:00

◉Discussion: Anne-Sophie Guillet x Kenji Takazawa (Photography critic)
March 23 2019 (Sat), 18:00-19:30
Location: POETIC SCAPE| Reservation required, admission limited to 20 guests
Entry fee: 1000 Yen (please join small party after the discussion)
For registration, please send us e-mail including names, phone number and number of registrants to: front-desk@poetic-scape.com

  • Please note: If there is no reply within 3 days after applying by e-mail, please confirm by phone (03-6479-6927).

◉NIGHT GALLERY for Anne-Sophie Guillet : INNER SELF
POETIC SCAPE will open on Wednesday 4 April from 13:00 to 22:00.


we will take part in"TOKYO ART BOOK FAIR:Ginza Edition"
Please come by our booth if you are in Ginza!
There is a book signing of Anne-Sophie Guillet in Mar 24.

Organized by the Tokyo Art Book Fair & Ginza Sony Park
Date: Mar 23 12:00-20:00/Mar 24 10:00-20:00, 2019
Book signing:Mar 24 15:00 – 16:00 Anne-Sophie Guillet @Case Publishing

Where: Ginza Sony Park 5-3-1 Ginza, Chuo-ku, Tokyo


Photobook JP 2019

We will take part in the 2nd edition of Photobook JP which is held this weekend. We will exhibit the print of Containers in Tokyo by Yusuke Inoue and the color proof of One Life by Ahn Jun. Please come by our table if you are in Yokohama!http://photobookjp.online/

“Moveable Types” at the Art Los Angeles Contemporary (ALAC)

We will take part in “Moveable Types” within the Art Los Angeles Contemporary (ALAC) starting next Wednesday 13th. https://artlosangelesfair.com/news-359

ALAC’s publishing section, “Moveable Types,” highlights the importance of printed matter and publishing within contemporary art. It includes a robust selection of independent art publishers, offering fairgoers access to unique and rare editions, artist books and projects, art catalogues, monographs, photography books and zines from a diverse range of publishers in Berlin, Brussels, London, Los Angeles, Tokyo, Mexico City and more.

Please come by our booth if you are in LA next week! http://artlosangelesfair.com

Opening Night Reception:
Wednesday, February 13, 6pm–9pm

Fair Hours:
Thursday, February 14, 11am–6pm
Friday, February 15, 11am–6pm
Saturday, February 16, 11am–7pm
Sunday, February 17, 11am–6pm

The Barker Hangar
3021 Airport Avenue
Santa Monica, CA 90405

Opening Reception and Daily Passes are available online

Haute Photographie

We will take part in the Haute Photographie, held in Rotterdam from next Wednesday 6th. The works by AHN Jun, Toshiya MURAKOSHI and Eiji OHASHI will be showcased. Please stop by our booth if you are in Rotterdam! http://www.haute-photographie.com/

Wed 6 February 18:00-23:00 Grand Opening
by invitation only
Thu 7 February 10:00-19:00
Fri 8 February 10:00-18:00
Sat 9 February 10:00-19:00
Sun 10 February 10:00-17:00

LP2 (right next to the Nederlands Fotomuseum)
Wilhelminakade 326
3072 AR Rotterdam

Regular price for a day ticket: € 15,00.

Booked: Tai Kwun Contemporary's Hong Kong Art Book Fair

We will take part in "Booked: Tai Kwun Contemporary's Hong Kong Art Book Fair" held in Hong Kong this weekend. Please stop by our table if you are around!

January 11, Fri. 13:00-21:00
January 12, Sat. 11:00-21:00
January 13, Sun. 11:00-19:00

Tai Kwun Contemporary
Tai Kwun, 10 Hollywood Road
Central, Hong Kong

CASE TOKYO Winter Holiday

CASE TOKYO is closed from December 25th, 2018 to January 5th, 2019. Wish you a wonderful Christmas and New Year!

Fiebre Photobook Market

We will take part in the Fiebre Photobook Market 2018, held in Madrid between November 30th and December 2nd, as a part of the Fiebre Photo Festival 2018. Please stop by our table if you are in Madrid! http://www.fiebrephotobook.com/book-market-fiebre-photobook

November 30, Fri. 17:00-21:00
December 1, Sat. 11:00-21:00
December 2, Sun. 11:00-19:00

Centro Cultural Daoiz y Velarde
Plaza de Daoíz y Velarde, 2
28007 Madrid

Lianzhou Independent Photobook Fair 2018

We will take part in the Lianzhou Independent Photobook Fair, held in Lianzhou China between December 1st and 3rd, as a part of Lianzhou Photo Festival. Please stop by our table if you are visiting the festival! http://www.lianzhoufoto.com/en/index.html

December 1, Sat. 10:00-18:00
December 2, Sun. 10:00-18:00
December 3, Mon. 10:00-18:00

The Lianzhou Museum of Photography
No. 120 Zhongshan Nan Road
Lianzhou Guangding, China

arigato sakuragaoka produced by art photo tokyo

We are taking part in Art Photo Tokyo held in Shibuya, Tokyo. http://www.artphototokyo.com

Around 50 photographers and artists spanning the fields of art, science, technology, music, architecture, and design present works in the Former Yamaha Election City Shibuya, a building slated for demolition at the end of 2018. The event is a revival of the project Art Photo Tokyo Edition zero held two years ago.

Veunu: 8-27,Sakuragaoka-cho,Shibuya-ku,Tokyo
Dates: 16 November-2 December 12:00–20:00
Open: Thursday, Friday, Saturday and Sunday
Closed: Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday

Pop-Up in Hong Kong

Our photobooks are featured at the Eslite Spectrum Bookstore Harbour City, Tsim Sha Tsui in Hong Kong until 30th November on the occasion of Hong Kong International Photo Festival. Please stop by if you are in Hong Kong!

Address: Star House, 3 Salisbury Rd, Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong
Opening hours: Monday-Sunday 10:00-22:00

"Photobook Showcase" presented by Hong Kong International Photo Festival

We will take part in the photobook fair presented by the Hong Kong International Photo Festival this weekend in Kowloon, Hong Kong! Eight selected bookstores and publishers will showcase an array of photography books ranging from the mainstream to niche interests, and from standard publications to handcrafted limited editions. http://hkipf.org.hk/events/photobook-fair/

Venue: L1 Central Courtyard, JCCAC, 30 Pak Tin Street, Shek Kip Mei, Kowloon
Dates: Saturday 17th & Sunday 18th Novemer, 11:00-20:00

Polycopies 2018

Case publishing will take part in the Polycopies photobook fair, held in Paris between November 7 and 10.
Sharing a booth with shashasha, we will unveil Ahn Jun’s new photobook “One Life” during the fair.

7-10 November 2018
Wednesday: 13:00 - 21:00
Thursday: 11:00 - 21:00
Friday: 11:00 - 21:00
Saturday: 10:00 - 19:00

Bateau Concorde-Atlantique
Berges de Seine - Port de Solferino
75007 Paris
Métro: Concorde / Assemblée Nationale


海の見える一箱古本市&せとうちのみの市 に出展します


日程: 11月3日(土)10:00~15:00
会場: 北浜alley レンガ広場
住所: 〒760-0031 香川県高松市北浜町3-2
アクセス: 高松駅から徒歩7分/ことでん高松築港駅から徒歩5分/高松港から徒歩5分

倉敷フォトミュラルf にてブックショップを出店します




Exhibition "IN PRINT, OUT OF PRINT" in Seoul

Change of opening hours: Saturday October 20th

CASE TOKYO is open from 17:00 on Saturday October 20th. We apologise for such short notice and any inconvenience caused. The opening reception of our new exhibition Memorial Exhibition: Takashi Hamaguchi (1931-2018) will be held from 18:00 on the day.

CASE TOKYO/CASE ROTTERDAM One Year Anniversary Campaign -2-

As phase 2 of our celebratory campaign, shashasha (Case Publishing’s official distribution partner) is now offering two rare books by Case Publishing which were previously unavailable for purchase in their online shop. Customers purchasing one of the below books until October 31 will receive an additional coupon which deducts 10% off all items (one-time use; excluding shipping costs). We hope you enjoy this exclusive offer, and please stay tuned for phase three!

Remote Past a Memoir: 1951-1966 (SIGNED) https://www.shashasha.co/en/book/remote-past-a-memoir-1951-1966-s

Last Year's Photographs Limited Edition https://www.shashasha.co/en/book/last-year-s-photographs-limited-edition

CASE TOKYO/CASE ROTTERDAM One Year Anniversary Campaign -1-

This month, CASE Tokyo and CASE Rotterdam celebrate their first anniversary. Since September 2017, the two gallery spaces have held exhibitions and talk events which showcase the possibilities and the creation of photobooks, focusing on publications by Tokyo-based Case Publishing.

As a celebration, the online photobook store shashasha will hold a special sales campaign. In phase one, all customers purchasing photobooks by Case Publishing will be presented with a coupon which discounts 10% off all items of the next order. Details of the second phase will be announced soon.

BUY: http://www.shashasha.co/publisher/case-publishing

Yusuke Inoue "Container in Tokyo" Exhibition Extended

With your support, "Container in Tokyo" will remain opened until October 13th. Please do not miss the exhibition at CASE TOKYO!

A purchasable special edition which includes an original frame designed and hand-made by the artist himself will be part of the exhibition. Original print is framed by a painted wooden frame hand-made by the artist himself. It consists of a painted wooden frame and a print from the series. The photobook itself, also part of the special edition set, hides in a compartment at the back of the frame. The frame can either be hung onto a wall or, thanks to the depth of the frame, also stand by itself.

Unseen Book Market 2018

We will take part in the Unseen Book Market 2018 next weekend. The event is a part of the seventh edition of Unseen Amsterdam and features 76 independent publishers from around the world. Please come by our booth #12! http://unseenamsterdam.com/book-market-2018

Dates & Opening Times
Friday (September 21): 11:00-21:00
Saturday (September 22): 11:00-20:00
Sunday (September 23): 11:00-17:00

Pazzanistraat 33
1014 DB Amsterdam

2018 SF Art Book Fair

We will take part in the San Francisco Art Book Fair this weekend, sharing a booth with shashasha. The event is held at the Minnesota Street Project and features over 120 exhibitors from around the world. Our booth is #D4. Free entry to all areas & events.

We will present a selection of our publications, including new releases such as 'Chihei 11' and Takuma Nakahira’s 'Overflow'

Dates & Opening Times
Friday (July 20): 18:00-22:00 (Preview)
Saturday (July 21): 11:00-18:00
Sunday (July 22): 11:00-17:00

Minnesota Street Project
1275 Minnesota Street
San Francisco

飯沢耕太郎 × 中藤毅彦 トークイベント 「ストリートスナップ再考」

I Never Read Art Book Fair 2018

We are proud to announce our participation in I Never Read Art Book Fair 2018 in Basel during the world renowned art week. http://www.ineverread.com/

Come join us for the opening reception tomorrow at 6pm!

Opening hours: Wednesday, 13 June 2018, 18:00-22:00
Thursday, 14 June 2018, 15:00-21:00
Friday, 15 June 2018, 15:00-21:00
Saturday, 16 June 2018, 12:00-19:00

Kaserne Basel
Klybeckstrasse 1b CH-4057 Basel

[Talk Event] Eiji Ohashi × Kazuko Sekiji × Kenji Takazawa

[Talk Event] Eiji Ohashi × Kazuko Sekiji × Kenji Takazawa

Please note that you will be asked to present your digital ticket upon entering the event. You can do so either via the screen of your smartphone or a print-out of the ticket page.

Dates: June 9 (Sat), 2018
Time: 17:00-18:30 / Open:16:30
Tel: 03-6452-6705

Booking with shashasha

shashasha POP-UP SHOP (5/15-6/23)

The Daido Moriyama x shashasha pop-up shop held at CASE TOKYO has been extended and will continue until June 23.
The pop-up shop features many of Moriyama’s treasures: in addition to most releases in the “Record” series, we also offer rare and signed photobooks such as “A Room”, “Another Country in New York” and “Pantomime”.


CASE website has been renewed.

shashasha pop-up shop “Daido Moriyama”

We will hold a shashasha pop-up shop dedicated to Daido Moriyama photobooks from April 21 to May 12. The pop-up shop will open right next to CASE Tokyo exhibiton space during the duration of the Chai Wan Fire Station exhibition.

Our pop-up shop features most editions of Daido Moriyama’s “Record” series (38 issues published so far) and a few rare and signed photobooks, among them “A Room”, “Another Country in New York” and “Pantomime”.

企画の展覧会「IN PRINT, OUT OF PRINT 表現としての写真集」

この度、CASEは入江泰吉記念奈良市写真美術館にて、写真集に焦点を当てた展覧会「IN PRINT, OUT OF PRINT 表現としての写真集」を開催いたします。本展では、2015年に設立されたCASE Publishingが刊行してきた写真集を事例としながら、写真集ができあがるまでのプロセスを総合的に展示する展覧会です。 写真集の制作過程で作られる製本サンプルの「束見本」や、印刷時に版として使われるアルミ板の「刷版」、印刷色のチェックのために刷られる「校正刷り」、また印刷の最終段階で作家立会いの元調整されていく「刷り出し」など、仕上がった写真集からは見ることのできない制作現場の産物から、一冊の本が出来上がるまでにどんな工程を経て「写真」が「写真集」という表現に昇華されていくのかを明らかにします。さらには本展を通じ、今日における「写真集という表現」の可能性を検証する試みです。

展覧会ホームページ http://irietaikichi.jp/news/exhibition/160

会期:2017年12月9日(土)- 12月24日(日)

〒630-8301 奈良県奈良県奈良市高畑町600-1

荒木経惟 「愛の劇場」会期延長のおしらせ

CASE TOKYOで現在開催中の荒木経惟「愛の劇場」は、ご好評につき11月16日(木)まで会期を延長いたします。
同時開催の、shashashaポップアップショップは18日(土)まで。荒木経惟の関連写真集のほか、オンラインで購入できなくなった希少本もいくつかご用意しております。 ぜひお越しください。


Opening of new photography spaces “CASE TOKYO” and “CASE ROTTERDAM”

CASE is proud to announce the launch of CASE TOKYO and CASE ROTTERDAM

Through its publishing division “Case Publishing”, which has been publishing contemporary photography, design and art since its foundation in September 2015, it has been CASEʼs expressive mission to extend the possibilities of the artbook as a platform for a variety of visual art forms. So far, Case has been focused on the publication on art books in cooperation with a selection of renowned galleries and artists both in Japan and internationally.

As the next step, CASE will open two new spaces in Tokyo and Rotterdam (“CASE TOKYO” and “CASE ROTTERDAM”), with more locations set to open in Seoul, Berlin, Taipei and other cities. These spaces will serve both as an exhibition space to showcase new publications in Case Publishingʼs ever-growing catalog and play host to a variety of photography- related events - such as seminars, symposiums and workshops - to engage in and support cultural exchange on a local level.

"Last year Photographs" "Remote Past a Memoir : 1951-1966" IMA MAGAZINE Best Photo book 2016

Ryuichi Kaneko has named "Last year Photographs" and "Remote Past a Memoir:1951-1966" one of 2016's More Recommendations by 22 Specialists in an article by IMA MAGAZINE.